Over one-quarter of the second cutting of alfalfa hay was harvested last week according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork, surpassing the previous season high of 5.3 days suitable near the end of May. In addition to cutting hay, activities for the week included fungicide and herbicide application.
A lack of precipitation across most of the state last week resulted in a decline in soil moisture levels. Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 7 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 10 percent surplus.
Fifty-nine percent of the corn acreage was silking, 11 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of the five-year average. Seventy-seven percent of the corn crop was reported in good to excellent condition. Blooming was evident in 67 percent of the soybean acreage, more than double the percent last year. Nineteen percent of the soybean crop was setting pods, well ahead of last year’s 2 percent. Seventy-four percent of the soybean crop was rated in good to excellent condition, virtually unchanged from last week. With 83 percent of the oat acreage having turned color, oat harvest reached 21 percent complete, 2 percentage points ahead of last year but 17 percentage points behind normal. Seventy-three percent of the oat acreage was reported in good to excellent condition, unchanged from the previous week.
With the first cutting of alfalfa hay nearly complete, the second cutting of alfalfa was 54 percent complete, two days ahead of last year but 6 days behind normal. Sixty-eight percent of all hay was rated in good to excellent condition. Pasture condition rated 74 percent good to excellent. Overall stress on livestock was minimal during the week, but pink-eye was reported in some cattle due to wet conditions.
IOWA PRELIMINARY WEATHER SUMMARY
By Harry Hillaker, State Climatologist, Iowa Department of Agriculture & Land Stewardship
It was an unseasonably cool and dry week across Iowa. Temperatures were below normal every day of the reporting week with the coolest weather from Monday (14th) into Thursday (17th). The month vies with 2009 for the coolest start to July in the past 120 years. Temperature extremes varied from a Sunday (13th) afternoon high of 90 degrees at Sidney to Wednesday (16th) morning lows of 44 degrees at Stanley (Buchanan Co.) and Little Sioux (Harrison Co.). Temperatures for the week as a whole averaged 7.8 degrees below normal. There were just a few isolated showers on Sunday, Monday and Tuesday with dry weather statewide the remainder of the week. The greatest reported rainfall was 0.42 inches near Calamus on Clinton County while about one-half of the state saw no rain at all. The statewide average precipitation was 0.03 inches while normal for the week is 1.02 inches. This was Iowa’s driest reporting week in 34 weeks (late November 2013).